Feast of the Holy Apostles of the Seventy: Philemon, Apphia, Archippus & Onesimus
BELIEVE FIRMLY in God the Father omnipotent. We believe in an all-powerful God who, although making all things, has not been made; and, therefore, He is all-powerful, because everything He made He made from nothing. For no matter at all assisted Him from which He might display the power of His skill. But from nothing, as I said, He created all things. Indeed, this is what it means to be omnipotent, that not only the end product itself but even its matter is found to exist from Him who had no beginning to His existence, and He who is eternal created not what He himself was, but in order that creation might take from Him who already was. For everything that exists, exists from Him; rather, the Very One not made by anyone exists from Himself. Thus, the Unmade made what has been made; the Uncreated created creation. Indeed, it is He who constituted the powers through orderly arrangements by a hierarchy of being appropriate to these very creatures. Surely, from the standpoint of a given power, an angel or a human can be called powerful, but can either be called omnipotent? A king or emperor can be called powerful, because he can do whatever he wills. But no one who is rational would dare to call himself omnipotent, for if someone wanted to praise that person by such flattery, in making such a mistake, he begins to deceive both that person and himself. For in what sense will he dare call omnipotent one whom he sees wanting to live to the full a life with death standing at its end? If he is omnipotent, he will not die; if he is omnipotent, he will not be cut off by death. However, if death puts an end to him, death itself will demonstrate that he was not omnipotent. Therefore, no one will make bold to call any creature whatsoever omnipotent, whether celestial or terrestrial, save only the Trinity: the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
—Quodvultdeus of Carthage, The Creedal Homilies