J. R. R. Tolkien: Do You Value Food & Cheer & Song above Hoarded Gold?

Feast of Hosea the Prophet and Andrew the Righteous Monk-martyr of Crete

Bilbo_Square.pngIT'S ME, Bilbo Baggins, companion of Thorin!” he cried, hurriedly taking off the ring.

“It is well that I have found you!” said the man striding forward. “You are needed and we have looked for you long. You would have been numbered among the dead, who are many, if Gandalf the wizard had not said that your voice... Continue Reading


C. S. Lewis: Does Deep Space Bewilder You by its Size or Satisfy You by its Harmony?

Feast of St Domnina the Martyr and her Daughters

Cellarius_ptolemaic_system_Square_1.jpegTHE ARCHITECTURE of the Ptolemaic universe is now so generally known that I will deal with it as briefly as possible. The central (and spherical) Earth is surrounded by a series of hollow and transparent globes, one above the other, and each of course larger than the one below. These are the “spheres”, “heavens”, or (sometimes) “elements”. Fixed in each of... Continue Reading


St John Chrysostom: How Is it Possible to Imitate Martyrs?

Feast of Conception of St John the Forerunner and Baptist

John_Chrysostom_Square_5.jpegHOW IS IT possible,” you ask, “for us to imitate martyrs now? After all, it isn’t a time of persecution.” Yes, I know. Yet while it isn’t a time of persecution, it is a time of martyrdom. It isn’t a time of wrestling matches of that sort, but it is a time of crowns. Human beings aren’t in pursuit, but... Continue Reading


John Henry Newman: What Is a University?

Feast of the Consecration of the Church of the Holy Resurrection

Newman_Square_4.jpegA UNIVERSITY is a place of concourse, whither students come from every quarter for every kind of knowledge. You cannot have the best of every kind everywhere; you must go to some great city or emporium for it. There you have all the choicest productions of nature and art all together, which you find each in its own separate... Continue Reading


John Henry Newman: Have You Been Catechized by a Living Voice?

Feast of the Nativity of the Theotokos

Newman_square_2.jpegRELIGIOUS teaching itself affords us an illustration of our subject to a certain point. It does not indeed seat itself merely in centers of the world; this is impossible from the nature of the case. It is intended for the many not the few; its subject matter is truth necessary for us, not truth recondite and rare; but it concurs in the principle... Continue Reading


John Henry Newman: How Valuable Are Books without a Living Teacher?

Feast of the Holy Martyr Calodote

Newman_Square.jpegMUTUAL EDUCATION, in a large sense of the word, is one of the great and incessant occupations of human society, carried on partly with set purpose, and partly not. One generation forms another; and the existing generation is ever acting and reacting upon itself in the persons of its individual members. Now, in this process, books, I need scarcely say, that is, the litera... Continue Reading


St Symeon: Do You Do Works Greater than Our Master?

Feast of St Symeon the Stylite

Symeon_Stylite_Square_2.jpegON ANOTHER occasion I saw a noteworthy miracle. Someone came in – he too was a tribal leader of the Arabs – and begged the divine person [St Symeon the Stylite] to help a man who on the road had become paralyzed in the limbs of his body. He said the man had suffered the disease at Callinicum, an important citadel. When he had... Continue Reading


St John of Damascus: Do You Remember the Just with Praise?

Feast of the Dormition of the Holy Mother of God

Dormition_Square_2.jpegTHE JUST are remembered with praise,” says the wise Solomon (Prov. 10:7). “Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of His saints,” proclaims God’s ancestor David (Ps. 115:6 LXX). If, then, all the just are remembered with praise, who will not give praise to the source of justice, the treasury of holiness – not in order to... Continue Reading


St Anselm: Are You Restraining the Ambition to Explain?

Feast of the Holy Father Niphonus, Patriarch of Constantinople

Anselm_Square_3.jpegOF ALL THE things that can be said of something, could any be appropriate to the substance of so wonderful a nature as this? This is the question to ask as carefully as possible at this point. I would be surprised if we could find anything from among the nouns and verbs which we apply to things created from nothing that... Continue Reading


St Anselm: Do You Love the Lord's Commandments and Carry Them Out Readily?

Feast of St Emelian the Confessor

Anselm_Square.jpgALMIGHTY GOD, merciful Father, and my good Lord, have mercy on me, a sinner. Grant me forgiveness of my sins. Make me guard against and overcome all snares, temptations, and harmful pleasures.

May I shun utterly in word and deed, whatever You command. Let me believe and hope, love and live, according to Your purpose and Your will.

Give me heart-piercing goodness and humility;... Continue Reading


Anonymous: Do You Describe the Savior as One Who Compels or Persuades?

Feast of St Salome the Holy Myrhbearer

Saints_Square_3.jpegIT IS NO earthly discovery that was committed to the Christians, nor some mortal idea that they consider to be worth guarding so carefully, nor have they been entrusted with the administration of merely human mysteries. On the contrary, the omnipotent Creator of all, the invisible God Himself, established among humans the truth and the holy, incomprehensible word from heaven and fixed it... Continue Reading


Anonymous: Do You Live on Earth as if Your Citizenship Is in Heaven?

Feast of Joseph the Righteous of Arimathea

Saints_Square_2.jpegCHRISTIANS ARE not distinguished from the rest of humanity by country, language, or custom. For nowhere do they live in cities of their own, nor do they speak some unusual dialect, nor do they practice an eccentric way of life. This teaching of theirs has not been discovered by the thought and reflection of ingenious people, nor do they promote any human doctrine,... Continue Reading


Fr Georges Florovsky: Do You Realize You Are a Historical Being Who Can Either Create or Destroy?

Feast of St Panteleimon the Great Martyr & Healer and St Nicholas of Novgorod the Fool-for-Christ

Florovsky_Square_6.jpgTHE ULTIMATE purpose of a historical inquiry is not in the establishment of certain objective facts, such as dates, places, numbers, names, and the like, as much as all this is an indispensable preliminary, but in the encounter with living beings. No doubt, objective facts must be first carefully established, verified and confirmed, but... Continue Reading


Fr Georges Florovsky: Did You Realize You Have an Intrinsic Duty to Study History?

Feast of St Christina the Great Martyr of Tyre and of St Athenagoras the Apologist

Florovsky_Square_10.jpegCHRISTIANITY is a religion of historians” (cf. Mark Bloch, The Historian’s Craft). It is a strong phrase, but the statement is correct. Christianity is basically a vigorous appeal to history, a witness of faith to certain particular events in the past, to certain particular data of history. These events are acknowledged by faith as truly... Continue Reading


Christopher Dawson: Do You Know Why We Date History B.C. and A.D.?

Feast of Sts John and Symeon the Holy Fool for Christ

Dawson_Square_3.jpegIT IS VERY difficult, perhaps even impossible, to explain the Christian view of history to a non-Christian, since it is necessary to accept the Christian faith in order to understand the Christian view of history, and those who reject the idea of a divine revelation are necessarily obliged to reject the Christian view of history as well. And even... Continue Reading


Christopher Dawson: Is Your Theology of History Based on Historic Christianity?

Feast of St Macrina the Righteous, Sister of St Basil the Great

Dawson_Square_2.jpegTHE PROBLEM of the relations of Christianity to History has been very much complicated and, I think, obscured by the influence of nineteenth-century philosophy. Almost all the great idealist philosophers of that century, like Fichte and Schelling and Hegel, constructed elaborate philosophies of history which had a very considerable influence on the historians, especially in Germany, and on... Continue Reading


Fr Romano Guardini: Do You See the Words of the Old Testament Shimmering with Jesus the Messiah?

Feast of the Holy Great Martyr Marina (Margaret)

Guardini_Square_2.jpegON PENTECOST faith was born, and with it Christian existence. Consciousness of a life grounded in Christ, its beginning and end, opened people’s eyes. The Christians looked about them, reviewing the past, not only that of individuals but in the collective form of human history; they recognized themselves as part of that history and claimed it for their own.

The history of... Continue Reading


Fr Jean Daniélou: Did You Know You Are Still Living in Sacred History?

Feast of St. Aquila the Apostle Among the 70

Danielou_Square_3.jpegST AUGUSTINE says that sacred history continues usque ad praesentia tempora [up to the present time]. This is a point of importance. Sacred history is not restricted to the contents of the Bible, but is still going on: we are living in sacred history. God still accomplishes His mighty works, in the conversion and sanctification of souls. The particular significance of... Continue Reading


Fr Jean Daniélou: Did You Know the Goal of Progress is Christianity?

Feast of St. Paisios the Athonite

Danielou_Square_2.jpgCHRISTIANITY is not only progress, but itself the goal of progress. The Christian outlook on history is eschatological; the idea of an end, escaton, is of capital importance in the system, from three distinct points of view. First, history is not conceived as an indefinite progress, but as finite in scope; it is a determinate, circumscribed design, called by the Fathers of the Church... Continue Reading


Fr Jean Danielou: Did You Know Mankind Is Saved with No Possibility of Relapse?

Feast of the 45 Holy Martyrs of Nikopolis

Danielou_Square_1.jpgTHE BIBLE is a record of the evidence for certain events, certain historical works of God: as, the covenant with Abraham, the birth and resurrection of Jesus Christ, and Pentecost. Consequently the Christian outlook is primarily determined by a series of divine operations, tracing a distinct line of development: each of these events marks a new stage in the actualization of God’s... Continue Reading